The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible fruit.

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The pineapple (Ananas Comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible fruit and part of the Bromeliaceae family. The pineapple is indigenous to South America, where it has been cultivated for many centuries. The pineapple was introduced to Malaya in the late part of the 19th century by Europeans, initially in Singapore. The industry grew rapidly in Johor in conjunction with the rubber industry as pineapples were intercropped in the rubber plantations.

The pineapple plant is a herbaceous perennial and produces up to 200 flowers that join together to create multiple fruits typically 15 to 20 months after planting. Pineapples, when fully ripe, can range in weight from 1 to 2 kg. On a commercial plantation, one can plant 15,000 to 20,000 plants per acre.

Pineapple has become a main ingredient in meat, vegetable, fish, and rice dishes. Pineapple is mainly eaten fresh when available or in canned form, and pineapple juice is a common healthy beverage.


Currently, there are nine major pineapple varieties planted in Malaysia, namely Moris, N36, Sarawak, Moris Gajah, Gandul, Yankee, Josapine, Masapine and most recently MD2.

MD2 was developed to fulfil market demand for fresh pineapples with exceptional sweetness as well as uniformity and consistency in size and ripeness. MD2 is known by its trade names as “Golden Ripe”, “Super Sweet”, “Rompine”, or “Gold.”

Additionally, because of its superior eating qualities, MD2 can command three times the price of other pineapple varieties. These are the significant factors that have motivated pineapple planters to grow MD2 in Malaysia.


Malaysia Pineapple

Year Planted Area (Ha) Production (Tonnes)
2014 9,456 335,725
2015 14,700 452,021
2016 13,149 391,714
2017 12,898 340,722
2018 13,606 322,551
2019 13,274 314,627

source: Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industries, Malaysia

According to the Malaysian Department of Statistics 2019, pineapple consumption per capita was 6.7kg, and Malaysia had a Self Sufficiency Ratio (SSR) of 105.2%. While this ratio is adequate to fill the local market, production still needs to increase to meet the growing global demand for Malaysian pineapple exports.

“The pineapple plantation acreage spanning 16,000 hectares (ha) is still not sufficient to meet the demand from overseas especially for MD2 pineapple variety which is highly demanded particularly from China.”

Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board (MPIB) deputy director-general Mohd Khairuzamri M. Salleh

MPIB strives to empower pineapple sector through young agropreneurs | Money | Malay Mail