The banana is a fruit of the genus Musa and a member of the Musaceae family. It is one of the most important fruit crops globally and widely grown throughout the tropics and consumed worldwide.
The banana plant is a gigantic herb that springs from an underground stem and reaches a height of 3 to 6 metres. A large flower spike with yellowish flowers emerges at the top of the trunk and bends downward to become bunches of 50 to 150 individual fruits or fingers. The individual fruits, or bananas, are grouped in clusters of 10 to 20. After a plant has fruited, it is cut down as each trunk produces only one fruit bunch.
Bananas grown in Malaysia are primarily for local consumption with export markets to Singapore, Brunei, Hong Kong and the Middle East
|Year||Planted Area (Ha)||Production (Tonnes)|
source: Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industries, Malaysia
According to the Malaysian Department of Statistics 2019, the consumption of bananas per capita was 9.5kg, and Malaysia had a Self Sufficiency Ratio (SSR) of 98.7%.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) report in 2020, banana production rose from 69 million tonnes in 2000-2002 to 116 million tonnes in 2017-2019 at a value of USD31 billion.
Cavendish banana is the most commonly grown banana, and the one most often found on supermarket shelves around the world and eaten fresh and accounts for 40-50% of global production.